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Are Aluminum Alloys Corrosion-resistant?

Views: 8632     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2024-03-15      Origin: Site

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Are Aluminum Alloys Corrosion-resistant?

Table of contents

1. Applications of aluminum alloys

2. Are aluminum alloys corrosion-resistant?

3. The components of aluminum alloy

       3.1 Silicon

       3.2 Magnesium

       3.3 Manganese

       3.4 Copper

       3.5 Zinc

       3.6 Titanium

       3.7 Lithium

4. Structural characteristics of aluminum alloy

5. Types of aluminum alloy corrosion

       5.1 Atmospheric Corrosion

       5.2 Uniform Corrosion

       5.3 Galvanic Corrosion

       5.4 Crevice Corrosion

       5.5 Pitting Corrosion

       5.6 Deposition Corrosion

       5.7 Intergranular Corrosion

       5.8 Exfoliation Corrosion

       5.9 Erosion-Corrosion

       5.10 Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)

       5.11 Corrosion Fatigue

       5.12 Filiform Corrosion

       5.13 Microbiological Induced Corrosion

6. Corrosion resistance treatment of aluminum alloy

       6.1 Surface treatment

       6.2 Alloy design and alloy selection

7. Conclusion



1.Applications of aluminum alloys

Aluminum alloy is a lightweight and high-strength material. In modern life, they are widely used in aerospace, automobile production, construction, and other fields.

02


2.Are aluminum alloys corrosion-resistant?

Yes, aluminum alloys have some corrosion resistance. However, the strength of corrosion resistance will be affected by different alloy materials and the proportion of added alloys.


It is worth noting that aluminum in its natural state (commercially pure aluminum or 1xxx aluminum) has the best corrosion resistance, but its quality is affected by the addition of alloys (especially copper and iron, but also magnesium or zinc).

03


3.The components of aluminum alloy

Aluminum alloys are usually composed of aluminum and other metallic elements. In addition to aluminum, common alloying elements include the following 7 types.


3.1 Silicon: Increases the strength and hardness of the alloy, and also helps improve casting performance.


3.2 Magnesium: Improves the strength and corrosion resistance of alloys and is commonly used in aerospace and automobile manufacturing.


3.3 Manganese: Improves the strength and wear resistance of the alloy.


3.4 Copper: Improves the strength and corrosion resistance of the alloy.


3.5 Zinc: Increases the strength and hardness of the alloy.


3.6 Titanium: Improves the strength and high-temperature resistance of the alloy.


3.7 Lithium: used in high-performance aluminum alloys to significantly improve the strength and rigidity of the alloy.

01


4.Structural characteristics of aluminum alloy

The grain structure and phase composition of aluminum alloys have an important impact on their corrosion resistance. Factors such as grain size and grain boundary rare earth phase will affect the corrosion behavior of the alloy.

04


5.Types of aluminum alloy corrosion

The corrosion types of aluminum alloys mainly include the following five types, which are as follows:


5.1 Atmospheric Corrosion


5.2 Uniform Corrosion


5.3 Galvanic Corrosion


5.4 Crevice Corrosion


5.5 Pitting Corrosion


5.6 Deposition Corrosion


5.7 Intergranular Corrosion


5.8 Exfoliation Corrosion


5.9 Erosion-Corrosion


5.10 Stress Corrosion Cracking (SCC)


5.11 Corrosion Fatigue


5.12 Filiform Corrosion


5.13 Microbiological Induced Corrosion


Understanding these types of corrosion can help you develop appropriate protective measures.


6.Corrosion resistance treatment of aluminum alloy

6.1 Surface treatment

Commonly used corrosion-resistant treatment methods for aluminum alloys include anodizing, spray coating, etc. These treatments can improve the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys and help extend their service life.

05


6.2 Alloy design and alloy selection

Alloy design and alloy selection are also key factors in improving the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys. The selection of appropriate alloy composition and alloy treatment process is crucial to the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys.


7.Conclusion

All in all, aluminum alloy materials have a certain corrosion resistance. However, its corrosion resistance is affected by many factors, including alloy composition, grain structure, corrosion type, and surface treatment. Through reasonable design and processing, the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys can be improved to meet the needs of different applications.


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